North Africa and the Sahel region
Wolfgang Pusztai: North Africa and the Sahel region, AIES Comment 3/2022
North Africa, the unstable southern neighbor of Europe, is of particular significance to the European Union, not only because it is a hub and a transit route for migration and in part a hot bed of terrorism, but also because of its vast amount of natural resources. Since after the Russian invasion of Ukraine this importance has even increased. Algeria and also Libya have some capacity to increase gas exports, albeit, there is no way that they could replace the 175 bn bcm Russia was exporting to Europe in 2020.