Publications in English

For all the publications (in German and English) and the a search filter please see the German page Publikationen.


Pandemic Mitigation in the Digital Age

30.03.2020 / PDF-Download

Dr. Alexander Klimburg, Louk Faesen, Paul Verhagen, Philipp Mirtl: Pandemic Mitigation in the Digital Age - Digital Epidemiological Measures to Combat the Coronavirus Pandemic, AIES Studies, Nr. 12, March 2020


Securitization in the Black Sea Region

30.03.2020 / PDF-Download

Alex Tanchev: Securitization in the Black Sea Region, AIES Studies, Nr. 11, March 2020


Colonial Cables

04.02.2020 / PDF-Download

Stefanie Felsberger: Colonial Cables – The Politics of Surveillance in the Middle East and North Africa, AIES Studies 10, Feb 2020


Violent extremism in the Sahel

31.01.2020 / PDF Download

Matteo Ilardo: Violent extremism in the Sahel. Countering vulnerability to radical narratives: towards a more pragmatic approach, AIES Fokus 01/2020

 


Europe in the face of US-China rivalry

23.01.2020 / PDF Download

Edited by: Mario Esteban and Miguel Otero-Iglesias along with Una Aleksandra Bērziņa-Čerenkova, Alice Ekman, Lucrezia Poggetti, Björn Jerdén, John Seaman, Tim Summers and Justyna Szczudlik. European Think-tank Network on China (ETNC), January 2020.

The fifth edition of the ETNC report explores how Europe is responding to increased US-Chinese geopolitical rivalry. It contains 18 country perspectives on Europe's difficult balancing act between the US, a long-term strategic and economic partner, and China, the EU's second most important market and, probably, the next economic superpower. The evidence presented in this report shows how US unilateralism and Chinese assertiveness have triggered a rethinking of the EU's strategic landscape. Despite the differences between EU member states, its key finding is that all the countries analysed are in a similar position. They all consider the US their most important ally and they all depend on its military protection, but they also want to do as much business with China as possible.

The EU and its member states see trouble in their relations with both Washington and Beijing, and in the rivalry between these two partners, but they also seemingly need them both to enhance European prosperity. By performing this balancing act, the common European objective is to avoid a bipolar system in which EU member states are forced to pick sides on all relevant policy issues. This is reflected in the reluctance of many member states to issue a blanket ban on Chinese companies' access to their 5G markets.

In the report, Adam Urosevic, Associate Research Fellow at the Austrian Institute for European and Security Policy, examines the case of Austria. He concludes that Austria would be prudent to re-evaluate its dated understanding of neutrality and promote the EU's strategic autonomy amidst systemic US-Chinese rivalry.


EU-Trends in 2020

23.12.2019 / PDF-Download

Velina Tchakarova, Sofia Maria Satanakis, Michael Zinkanell: EU-Trends in 2020, AIES Fokus 14/2019


The advantages and risks in keeping, fixing or terminating the Nuclear Deal with Iran

23.12.2019 / PDF-Download

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the agreement between Iran and the international community regarding its nuclear program, is a case study that has supplied us with an interesting opportunity to assess more broadly two fundamentally opposite viewpoints on foreign policy and the international system. Facing the commonly-accepted narrative, according to which the JCPOA has been a step in the right direction, a much-sought-for agreement that dismantles a nuclear program "without firing a single shot", some perceive it as a risky strategy on the part of the EU/E3. This article reviews and engages with the main arguments of both the "remain" and "terminate or fix" sides of the debate, confronts them with one another and attempts to disprove the agreement's credibility as a so-called effective international achievement. It does so while mainly focusing on the European viewpoint and interests, and points at the missing components in the EU/E3's current strategy in securing regional and global interests, such as fully relying on limited IAEA inspections, and the lack of pro-active intelligence effort to uncover Iranian violations. Rather, the EU/E3 aim the diplomatic fire at allies such as the United States and Israel, avoid assertively demanding Iran for explanations on violations and provocative activity, and have demonstrated one strategy: adhering to the JCPOA at all costs.


The Middle East's Year of the Dragonbear

19.12.2019 / PDF-Download

As the United States increasingly relinquishes its role as the primary security guarantor in the Middle East, China and Russia are pursuing a unique opportunity to reorient both Iran and its regional rivals into an emerging Sino-Russian Eurasian architecture. Outreach to the Middle East by the Sino-Russian partnership, a systemic coordination dubbed by strategic analyst Velina Tchakarova as the "Dragonbear,"1 has been hitherto hampered by the region's main geopolitical fault-line formed by the rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia. During the course of 2019, China and Russia made significant strides in bridging this divide by upgrading the strategic nature of their respective relationships with Saudi Arabia as well as with its close Persian Gulf ally the United Arab Emirates. Building on these advances, Beijing and Moscow will embark in 2020 on actively promoting the creation of new multilateral architecture for the Middle East whose organizing framework will be the Sino-Russian Dragonbear partnership.


The Future Defense of the West

14.11.2019 / PDF-Download

Stanley R. Sloan: Transatlantic Relations and the Future Defense of the West – Implications for the EU and NATO, AIES Fokus 11/2019


Turkey’s strategic importance

08.10.2019 / PDF-Download

David Stefanovic: Turkey's perennial strategic importance and the S-400 Saga, AIES Fokus 10/2019


The Second Libyan Civil war

18.09.2019 / PDF-Download

Matteo Ilardo: Conflict Analysis: The Second Libyan Civil war – and how to avoid a third one, AIES Fokus 9/2019


Italy and France

17.07.2019 / PDF-Download

Elisabetta Recher: Italy and France: The effects of competition between allies on the regional stability in Northern Africa and on the European Union (an Italian perspective), AIES Fokus 8/2019


A new nuclear crisis?

16.07.2019 / PDF-Download

Raphael J. Spoetta: A new nuclear crisis? Consequences arising from the US-Iranian collision course over the Iran Nuclear Agreement, AIES Fokus 7/2019


Turkey‘s String of Pearls

21.05.2019 / PDF-Download

Micha'el Tanchum: Turkey's String of Pearls: Turkey's Overseas Naval Installations Reconfigure the Security Architecture of Mediterranean-Red Sea Corridor, AIES Fokus 4/2019

Turkey will soon preside over an arc of blue-water power projection extending from Northern Cyprus in the Eastern Mediterranean to Qatar in the Persian Gulf that fundamentally alters the security architecture of the Middle East. Deftly combining soft power initiatives with the construction of coastal military installations in Sudan on the Red Sea and in Somalia on the Arabian Sea, Turkey has created a ‚string of pearls' that directly challenges the power of Egypt-Saudi Arabia-United Arab Emirates alliance. With the military entrenchment of Turkey in the Horn of Africa, the Turkey-Qatar versus Egypt-Saudi Arabia-UAE competition has created an incendiary fault-line that now encompasses the entire Eastern Mediterranean-Red Sea maritime corridor.

Backed by Qatar, Turkey's maritime expansion is also a response to Egypt's trilateral strategic partnership with Greece and the Republic of Cyprus, an alignment supported by the UAE and Saudi Arabia. In this complex web of rival alliances that spans the Aegean and Arabian seas, any one of the previously localized conflicts could ignite a wider regional clash.


European Energy Security

16.04.2019 / PDF-Download

AIES Fokus 03/2019

Julian Grinschgl: Pipeline Politics, A Single Market, and the Rise of Renewable Energy: Challenges and Pathways for European Energy Security, AIES Fokus 3/2019

At the end of 2018, Gazprom reported a record high in natural gas exports to Europe, exceeding 200 billion cubic meters (bcm) for the first time. As of, early January 2019, the United States (US) ambassador to Germany threatened to sanction German companies that will continue to be engaged in the controversial Nord Stream 2 (NS2) project, aiming to build another direct pipeline from Russia to Germany circumventing transit states. Just a few months earlier President Trump boldly announced that Europe would buy "vast amounts" of US liquefied natural gas (LNG) and criticized Germany as being held captive by Russian energy exports. Moreover, Turkey threatened Cyprus over the exploitation of newly discovered gas on disputed territory, and Saudi Arabia, the world's largest exporter of oil, announced another $2 billion investment in solar and carbon complex facilities as part of 12 large renewable energy projects in the country. These headlines illustrate the continuing dependence of Europe on Russian natural gas, the ongoing shift in global energy markets due to the shale gas revolution, new technologies, renewable energy, as well as, competition over customers and suppliers. This article will focus on energy security, commonly defined as "the uninterrupted availability of energy sources at an affordable price", for the EU, but will also consider geopolitical aspects and aims at identifying challenges and pathways forward.


Orbán's Hungary

14.02.2019 / PDF-Download

AIES Fokus 02/2019

Lívia Benková: Hungary-Orbán's project towards "illiberal democracy", AIES Fokus 2/2019

The recent developments in the country and its controversial reforms reflect, that Hungary is steadily moving away from the principles of a liberal democracy and is heading towards becoming a centralized, semi-authoritarian state. The course of Hungary was clearly stated by Prime Minister Orbán himself as he announced his preference of "illiberal democracy", in 2014 at a speech in Transylvania, Romania.


Post-Brexit Relations between the EU and the UK in the Field of Security and Defence Policy

26.01.2019 / PDF-Download

Shaun Riordan: Post-Brexit Relations between the EU and the UK in the Field of Security and Defence Policy, AIES Fokus 1/2019


African Union – European Union relations

30.12.2018 / PDF-Download

Adam Karlsson: African Union – European Union relations: untapped opportunity or unsolvable predicament? A look at the development of the relations between Europe and Africa in recent years, AIES Fokus 8/2018


The strategic dimensions of cyber-security

20.12.2018 / PDF-Download

Alex Tanchev: The strategic dimensions of cyber-security – an interdisciplinary approach, AIES Fokus 7/2018


The Prespa Agreement

14.08.2018 / PDF-Download

AIES Fokus 06/2018

Sofia Maria Satanakis: Greece and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: The Prespa Agreement. What comes next?, AIES Fokus 6/2018


The Rivalry between France and Italy over Libya and its Southwest Theatre

09.08.2018 / PDF-Download

AIES Fokus 05/2018

Matteo Ilardo: The Rivalry between France and Italy over Libya and its Southwest Theatre, AIES Fokus 5/2018


The Lebanese Parliamentary Elections of 2018

28.06.2018 / PDF-Download

AIES Fokus 04/2018

Peter Nassif: The Lebanese Parliamentary Elections of 2018: Much Ado about Nothing?, AIES Fokus 4/2018


The Rise of Russian Disinformation in Europe

30.04.2018 / PDF-Download

AIES Fokus 03/2018

Lívia Benková: The Rise of Russian Disinformation in Europe, AIES Fokus 3/2018


22.03.2018 / PDF-Download

AIES Fokus 02/2018

AIES Fokus 8/2017: How to Strengthen Resilience in Fragile States: Taking Stock

30.12.2017 / PDF-Download

Benjamin Zyla: How to Strengthen Resilience in Fragile States: Taking Stock, AIES Fokus 8/2017


AIES Fokus 7/2017: Brexit Negotiations: Phase One Completed?

29.12.2017 / PDF-Download

Lawrence Kettle: Brexit Negotiations: Phase One Completed?, AIES Fokus 7/2017


AIES Fokus 6/2017: Jihadist Terrorism and EU Responses

22.12.2017 / PDF-Download

João Raphael da Silva: 'Jihadist Terrorism' and EU Responses: Current and Future Challenges, AIES Fokus 6/2017


AIES Fokus 5/2017: The next chapter of the Syria crises

21.12.2017 / PDF-Download

Christine Strassmaier: The next chapter of the Syria crises – (obstacles to) reconstruction under the perspective of the current and future trajectory of the conflict, AIES Fokus 5/2017


Europe's Response to the Migration Crisis

20.09.2017 / PDF-Download

Lívia Benková: Europe's Response to the Migration Crisis, AIES Fokus 3/2017


South American Integration

29.06.2017 / PDF-Download

Stephanie Polezzeli: The South American Integration Trail: The Southern Integration and the European Union Model, AIES Fokus 2/2017


AIES Fokus 1/2017: Transatlantic Relations

24.05.2017 / PDF-Download

Stanley R. Sloan: Transatlantic Relations: A perfect storm across the Atlantic, AIES Fokus 1/2017


AIES Fokus 7/2016: The Dayton Agreement Then and Now

20.12.2016 / PDF-Download

Lívia Benková: The Dayton Agreement Then and Now, AIES Fokus 7/2016


AIES Fokus 5/2016: A National Security Strategy for Croatia

17.08.2016 / PDF-Download

Apolonija Rihtarić: Why Croatia urgently needs a new holistic National Security Strategy, AIES Fokus 5/2016


AIES Fokus 4/2016: Lebanese Municipality Elections 2016

14.06.2016 / PDF-Download

Christine Strassmaier: Lebanese Municipality Elections 2016: Local decisions with national and regional ramifications, AIES Fokus 4/2016


AIES Fokus 3/2016: Understanding the Russian withdrawal from Syria

25.05.2016 / PDF-Download

Fariza Dzorthova: Understanding the Russian withdrawal from Syria, AIES Fokus 3/2016


AIES Fokus 2/2016: Syria

17.02.2016 / PDF-Download

Christine Straßmaier: Turning the tide? Developments in the fifth year of the Syrian civil war, AIES Fokus 2/2016


AIES Fokus 1/2016: Brexit

15.02.2016 / PDF-Download

Lawrence Kettle: The UK’s Referendum on EU Membership: The debates and the consequences of a Brexit, AIES Fokus 1/2016


AIES Fokus 8/2015: Polish Foreign and Security Policy

30.12.2015 / PDF-Download

Kamil Szubart: The Future of Polish Foreign and Security Policy in the context of Presidential and Parliamentary Elections in 2015, AIES Fokus 8/2015


AIES Fokus 7/2015: Western Volunteer Fighters

15.12.2015 / PDF-Download

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David Christopher Jaklin: Western Volunteer Fighters fighting Daesh – Background and possible Implications, AIES Fokus 7/2015


Beyond the Castle Model of Cyber-Risk and Cyber-Security

04.09.2015 / PDF-Download

David B. Skillicorn / Christian Leuprecht: Beyond the Castle Model of Cyber-Risk and Cyber-Security, AIES Studien 4/2015


AIES Fokus 5/2015: What future for the Eastern Partnership?

28.08.2015 / PDF-Download

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Velina Tchakarova: What future for the Eastern Partnership? More than a partnership, less than a membership, AIES Fokus 5/2015


Handbook on CSDP missions and operations

06.07.2015 / PDF-Download

As a partner institute of the European Security and Defence College, the AIES is pleased to inform about the new "Handbook on CSDP missions and operations". The 'Handbook on CSDP missions and operations' deals with the operational level of the Common Security and Defence Policy of the European Union. It describes various crisis management tools which are combined within the 'comprehensive approach' and includes topics such as development, diplomacy and defence. With reference to current crises, the handbook deals with hot topics such as hybrid warfare, cyber security, strategic communication and maritime security. In her foreword, HR/VP Mogherini writes: 'This handbook makes an important contribution to explaining the European Union’s Common Security and Defence Policy. Apart from being an invaluable resource for trainers and trainees of the European Security and Defence College, it is a one-stop shop for anyone in search of a full picture of the EU’s security and defence policy.' Jochen Rehrl, Galia Glume (eds): Handbook on CSDP missions and operations. Vienna, 2015. ISBN 978-3-902275-42-4. The Handbook can be downloaded via the website of the ESDC.


AIES Fokus 4/2015: Eastern Partnership

26.06.2015 / PDF-Download

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Iryna Mikhnovets: Moldova, Ukraine and Georgia: what has been done after the decisive Eastern Partnership, AIES Fokus 4/2015


AIES Fokus 3/2015: Gaza

22.04.2015 / PDF-Download

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Stefanie Felsberger: Gaza: Destructive Reconstruction, AIES Fokus 3/2015.


AIES Fokus 2/2015: Ukraine

11.04.2015 / PDF-Download

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Oleksiy Melnyk: Should War Be Given the Name … and A Chance?, AIES Fokus 2/2015.


AIES Fokus 8/2014: The EU-Africa Partnership

30.12.2014 / PDF-Download

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Arnold Kammel: The EU-Africa Partnership: Another Lost Year? AIES Fokus 8/2014.


AIES Fokus 7/2014: NATO after Wales

19.12.2014 / PDF-Download

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Arnold Kammel / Sofia Satanakis: NATO after Wales: Back in Business? AIES Fokus 7/2014.


AIES Fokus 5/2014: The Conflict between Israelis and Palestinians

09.12.2014 / PDF-Download

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Benjamin Zyla: Between Mars and Venus: Transatlantic strategic cultures and Canadian Earthlings? AIES Fokus 6/2014.


AIES Fokus 5/2014: The Conflict between Israelis and Palestinians

24.11.2014 / PDF-Download

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Stefanie Felsberger: Palestine in Egypt: From Solidarity to Fear to Common Struggle, AIES Fokus 5/2014.


AIES Fokus 2/2014: Transatlantic Relations

20.05.2014 / PDF-Download

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Stanley R. Sloan: Transatlantic Relations: Permanent Alliance or Perpetual Crisis?, AIES Fokus 2/2014.


AIES Fokus 1/2014: Croatia and the CSDP

26.02.2014 / PDF-Download

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Lidija Čehulić Vukadinović: The Croatian View on the EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), AIES Fokus 1/2014.


AIES Fokus 7/2013: The EU‘s Battlegroup in perspective

23.12.2013 / PDF-Download

Ana Isabel Xavier: The EU‘s Battlegroup in perspective: addressing present challenges for future deployments, AIES Fokus 7/2013.

AIES Fokus 6/2013: The EU and its European Neighborhood

22.12.2013 / PDF-Download

Velina Tchakarova: The European Union and its European Neighborhood: Before and After the Vilnius Summit of the Eastern Partnership, AIES Fokus 6/2013.

Canadian Peacebuilding in the Balkans

19.12.2013 / PDF-Download

Benjamin Zyla: Free Riding for Punching? Canadian Peacebuilding in the Balkans in the 1990s, AIES Fokus 4/2013.

AIES Fokus 3/2013: Sudan and South Sudan after independence

17.12.2013 / PDF-Download

Arnold H. Kammel: The relationship between Sudan and South Sudan after independence – Interdependences as key variables for sustainable peacet, AIES Fokus 3/2013.

CSDP on the agenda of Visegrad cooperation

05.12.2013 / PDF-Download

Csaba Törő: CSDP on the agenda of Visegrad cooperation – An increasingly important and practical instrument in a Central European concert, AIES Fokus 2/2013.

EU’s strategic partnership with China

19.12.2012 / PDF-Download

Franco Algieri: Irrelevant or not? Thoughts on the EU’s strategic partnership with China, AIES Fokus 8/2012.

Germany's role in the euro crisis

17.12.2012 / PDF-Download

Almut Möller and Roderick Parkes: Germany as seen by the other EU member states three years into the euro crisis, AIES Fokus 7/2012

Earlier this year, we convened colleagues from think tanks across the EU to discuss what has been framed as “the new German question” . How does Berlin’s centre-stage role in overcoming the euro malaise play out in its relations with its fellow EU members? Is it fair to say that Berlin is considered part of the problem as much as it is a key to the solution? Our discussions and the publication that followed in the summer suggested the picture across the EU was rather diverse. This is a more inter­esting finding than it might first appear, given that most countries seem to find common ground in their concerns about Germany. Indeed, an overall anti-German feeling was not a theme we found in the essays, leaving aside public opinion in countries most affected by the crisis. While all member states in one way or another seemed to create their own EU identity in relation to Germany, suggesting that Germany indeed matters, they did it in different ways.

AIES Fokus 5/2012: French defence policy in a time of uncertainties

11.12.2012 / PDF-Download

Yves Boyer: French defence policy in a time of uncertainties, AIES Fokus 5/2012.

AIES Fokus 4/2012: The Future of Egyptian Foreign Policy

07.11.2012 / PDF-Download

Stefanie Felsberger: The Future of Egyptian Foreign Policy – To what extent will Egypt's foreign policy change under President Morsi?, AIES Fokus 4/2012.

Peaceful protest in Egypt under Mubarak

28.09.2012 / PDF-Download

Stefanie Felsberger: The emergence of peaceful protest in Egypt under Mubarak, Observer: A Journal on threatened Human Rights Defenders in the Philippines, Volume 4, Number 1, 2012

The "New German Question": Germany’s Europe policy as viewed by other member states

28.06.2012 / PDF-Download

Germany as Viewed by Other EU Member States
Almut Möller and Roderick Parkes (eds.)
EPIN Paper
No. 33 / June 2012

Berlin's take on the euro crisis has been widely discussed. This paper turns the tables: 14 Analysts from EU countries such as Spain, Italy, Finland, Poland, Austria, Greece and Bulgaria discuss their perspective of Berlin's Europe policy. The country perspectives are complemented by data of the Gallup World poll survey. Is there really what has been rather dramatically framed as "the new German question"? A "national narcissism" has defined debates on the European debt crisis, say the authors of a new EPIN paper. Throughout the EU, governments, politicians, and commentators have revived their own histories and questioned what the crisis reveals about their own country. Long-time EU members such as France, Italy, and Great Britain have consciously separated themselves from the German course for saving the euro and have made "not being like Germany" part of their identity. From this perspective, European integration is based less on overcoming differences than in solidifying them, write the authors. Möller and Parkes conclude that, in general, Germany's reputation is better than commonly assumed. But Germany's success also leaves its partners unsettled. Berlin needs to be more sensitive in its interactions with other EU countries so that Germany does not become further detached from its partners.

Demography and Security

21.12.2011 / PDF-Download

Christian Leuprecht: International security strategy: The socio-demographic and economic dawn of a new day, AIES Studien 3/2011, ISSN 2222-9841.

Common Security and Defence Policy

30.09.2011 / PDF-Download

Vojtech Horsák: The European Parliament and the Common Security and Defence Policy: Does the Parliament Care?, AIES Fokus 2/2011.

Japan’s North Korea policy

24.05.2011 / PDF-Download

Axel Berkofsky: Japan's North Korea policy: Trends, controversies and impact on Japan's overall defence and security policy, AIES Studien 2/2011, ISSN 2222-9841.

Immigrant integration

21.04.2011 / PDF-Download

Dagmar Hilpert, Roderick Parkes: Split Citizenship: Immigrant integration in an age of circular migration, AIES Fokus 1/2011.

What the EU Did Next

17.02.2011 / PDF-Download

The youth of today, it is claimed in a recent slew of media commentary, will reject the pro-European enthusiasm of their parents in favour of a destructive, devilmay-care attitude towards the European Union: if the EU is anyway doomed, they will reason, why waste time on it? Happily, this diagnosis of burgeoning euronihilism is misplaced. Although the coming generation will probably never be truly enthusiastic about their unlovely inheritance, they will not give up on it. The reason is as straightforward as it is ugly: uncertainty. So long as the future remains uncertain, the temptation of joyful nihilism will have to cede to something a lot less fun. Whilst there is still hope for the EU, there is no other option but to fret about it. Turning the EU from liability into solution will be a hard grind, and one to which this collection of essays makes its own contribution.

AIES Fokus 5/2009

14.07.2009 / PDF-Download

Almut Möller: European Elections Under Scrutiny - Lessons for a European Democracy, AIES Fokus 5/2009.

The Future of Germany's Foreign Policy in the Middle East

29.06.2009 / PDF-Download

Almut Möller: The Future of Germany's Foreign Policy in the Middle East: European, Transatlantic, and Eventually More German? AICGS Transatlantic Perspectives, June 2009.

AIES Fokus 2/2009

23.02.2009 / PDF-Download

Almut Möller: After Gaza: A New Approach To Hamas, AIES Fokus 2/2009.

Why China sees the EU as a counterweight to America

18.11.2008 / PDF-Download

Franco Algieri: Commentary - Why China sees the EU as a counterweight to America, Europe's World, Autumn 2008.

Permanent Planning and Command Structures for Autonomous EU Operations

06.09.2008 / PDF-Download

Dr. Erich Hochleitner: Permanent Planning and Command Structures for Autonomous EU Operations. A Capacity Deficit to Be Adressed, Arbeitspapier, Maria Enzersdorf 2008.

The Lisbon Treaty and EDSP

28.06.2008 / PDF-Download

Sven Biscop, Franco Algieri (Eds.): The Lisbon Treaty and EDSP: Transformation and Integration, Egmont Paper 24, The Royal Institute for International Relations, Brussels, June 2008.

The Political Criteria of Copenhagen and their application to Turkey

03.08.2005 / PDF-Download

Dr. Erich Hochleitner: The Political Criteria of Copenhagen and their application to Turkey, Arbeitspapier, Maria Enzersdorf 2005.

The Emergence of the CESDP and the State of the Transatlantic Relations

01.07.2001

Vladimir Bilcik: The Emergence of the CESDP and the State of the Transatlantic Relations. The Perspective of Central European Candidate States for EU-Membership, Maria Enzersdorf 2001.